CPR is a very often used term which stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and is a technique which should be practiced in case of an emergency to save a life. Situations like a sudden heart attack or when some almost drowned in water, CPR technique should be used so that the person keeps breathing until professional help arrives. Such situations are very unexpected in life and it can only be a good thing to be aware of how CPR can be done so that if we land in such situations, we know our way around it and are able to act wisely. CPR is done so that the body gets adequate blood supply to the vital organs like kidneys, liver and brain, baring which, the body suffers damage whose levels are beyond repair and could be fatal in some situations.
It is important to note these factors before beginning the CPR procedure on a person.
- Conscious or unconscious condition
- Emergency services to be called
- In case of no response from person, attempt should be made to ask them if they are okay
- The patient should be isolated from any dangerous surroundings
- Automated external defibrillator could be used to give a shock before beginning CPR
The sequence of steps is CAB which stands for Compression, Airway, Breathing.
Compression: Compression is to be done to reinstate blood circulation in the body. Here are the steps:
- The person should be laid on their back and you need to kneel before their shoulders.
- One palm should be placed on the chest between nipples and the other on the top of the former.
- The concerned person’s chest should now be pressed downwards by means of body weight of yours and the rate of compression has to be 100 to 120 compressions in every minute.
Airway: The next objective is to clear the Airway completely of any hurdles by opening it.
- The person in trouble needs to have their airway unblocked using the head tilt step which is followed by lifting their chin. One hand should be used to lift the person’s head and it has to be tilted back a little bit backward and the other hand must be used to move the chin forward. This helps in opening the airway.
- Any signs of breathing must be noted properly like listening to breathing sound or movement of the chest while breathing. If they are in need of air to breathe, you need to quickly use the mouth to mouth technique.
Breathing: This is the most important in resuscitation and mouth to mouth or mouth to nose should be used.
- The airway has to be opened again using same steps are last time. The nose should now be closed off and your mouth should seal the mouth of the person in need.
- 2 rescue breaths then 30 chest compressions are given.
- Continue these steps till assistance arrives.